Scottish Bonsai Association A to Z of Bonsai Terms

 A To Z Entry For Bonsai Spruce (Picea Abies) (Tree Type (Outdoors))

Spruce (Picea Abies)

 Spruce (Picea Abies) - (Tree Type (Outdoors))

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bonsai_spruce_01.jpg image SPRUCE (PICEA ABIES) -

Often termed Common Spruce or Norway Spruce. Has orange/brown BARK when young which turns to purple/grey when mature. Foliage is dark green, flattened, NEEDLE-like. Often grown in DWARF form (Little Gem/Maxwellii).

STYLE : Suited to all styles except broom.

WARNING : Dense foliage makes spruce particularly prone to red SPIDER MITE and SPRUCE APHID attack.

Care Info


REPOT : Every 2 years in spring, before bud-break. Less frequently, as required, for older, larger trees.

SOIL : Free draining soil : 30:70 GRIT:organic.

PRUNE : Prune branches in autumn when they will bleed less resin.

PINCH : Prune new SHOOTS hard in spring but leave second flush untrimmed.

WATER : Water well in growing season, sparingly in winter. Do not let soil dry out. Tree also benefits from MISTING in summer.

FEED : BALANCED FEED bi-weekly until late summer, then nitrogen free in autumn.

WARNING : Dense foliage makes spruce particularly prone to red SPIDER MITE and SPRUCE APHID attack.

Thanks to - Green Dragon Bonsai for use of the image

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