Evergreen conifer. Western/Eastern varieties distinguished by pyramid versus "bushy" shape with drooping branches being more evident on the Western variety. Both bear soft, short, needle-like leaves which darken with age.
STYLE : Suitable for most styles, except broom, and from small to extra large.
WARNING : None - unless someone knows better!
REPOT : Every 2-3 years up to age of 10, then every 3-4 years, in mid to late spring.
SOIL : Free draining soil : 30:70 grit:organic.
PRUNE : Summer pruning. PINCH : Pinch back new shoots before they harden, leaving only a few needles.
WATER : Water well in growing season, sparingly in winter. Benefits from foliar spraying with water.
FEED : Two weekly balanced feed during growing season, low nitrogen in autumn.