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A to Z of Bonsai
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Bonsai Meetings
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Bonsai Terms
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Bonsai Basics

If you have just acquired a bonsai tree, you may be worried about how to take care of it: you have come to the right place!  You can find some hints and tips in Bonsai FAQs below.

Bonsai is an absorbing art, and a great hobby.  It can grow into something resembling an obsession to those around you, but there is quite a lot to learn, about your bonsai trees and about bonsai in general.  Joining the SBA can give you access to bonsai workshops and Area Group meetings where you can learn about everything to do with bonsai.  Every group has experienced members who can help you with your bonsai trees, whether it is horticultural or artistic advice that you want.

Learn more about bonsai techniques and further reading here

Find your local Bonsai Group

There are some good videos on Youtube, and other informative websites here and on our site here on our A to Z of Bonsai Terms.

Heard a bonsai term that you don't understand then check out our A to Z of Bonsai Terms we have them all. And if you know differently then just let us know and we will add it.

Got a question you would like to ask us - click here to send a form.

Bonsai Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's)

 

Below is a list of commonly used bonsai procedures extracted from our A to Z of bonsai terms

Bonsai Procedures


Bonsai Terms Letter

Annealing

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Annealing Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Annealing Procedure
bonsai_aluminium_wire_01.jpg image ANNEALING - The process of softening aluminium/COPPER WIRE by heating and then allowing to cool before applying to BONSAI>BONSAI.

As copper is worked it becomes progressively stiffer. Most copper wire used as a conductor in electrical cables has not been annealed and is relatively stiff. To allow the wire to be used as bonsai wire simply heat with a blowlamp until it is red hot (which happens quite quickly) and allow to cool. The wire will now be much more supple. If you take a piece of the wire and bend it a few times it will become progressively stiffer again.


Bonsai Videos

Approach grafting

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Approach grafting  Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Approach grafting  Procedure

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Approach GRAFTing - Also termed "inarching", this is the grafting process where the exposed CAMBIUM of the scion (branch of the same tree) is fixed to the exposed cambium of the trunk at the location where a new branch is required. In time the scion grafts (or merges) to the wood of the tree.


Bonsai Videos

Notching to bend thick branches

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Notching to bend thick branches Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Notching to bend thick branches Procedure
Bonsai-Branch-Notching.jpg image NOTCHING TO BEND THICK BRANCHES - The branch is weakened by CUTTING a V-SHAPEd wedge aCROSS it though not all of the way through the branch. Then using coiled wire, or a guy wire, the gap is pulled shut. Protect by sealing with waterproofed tape. The procedure is best performed in early spring, or in late summer during the quiescent period when there is less bleeding and less heavy CALLOUSing.

 

http://www.happybonsai.com/bending-big-branches-notching

 


Thanks to - Kenny Middleton for use of the image


Bonsai Terms Letter

Bleaching deadwood

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Bleaching deadwood Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Bleaching deadwood Procedure
bonsai_driftwood_03.jpg image Bleaching DEADWOOD - Deadwood is bleached to a silver-white patina, naturally in nature by the effects of sun and rain.

In BONSAI>BONSAI LIME SULPHUR is applied to deadwood to mimic the effect and also act as a preservative to the deadwood. When applied the lime sulphur is yellow and smelly but it dries white and the smell disappears. The white then weathers to a more natural shade. (See also Lime Sulphur).


Bonsai Videos

Branch Extension

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Branch Extension Procedure  Update this bonsai term Branch Extension Procedure

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BRANCH EXTENSION - Describes the process by which branches grow (or extend) if left unpruned.  Branch extension may be desirable where a new branch is being grown or an existing branch needs to be fattened.


Bonsai Videos

Branch Pruning

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Branch Pruning Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Branch Pruning Procedure
bonsai_branch_pruning_01.jpg image Branch PRUNING - Selective removal of branches to improve the overall image of the tree.

The guidelines attached under the More button are taken from BONSAI>BONSAI.COM>CUTEBONSAI.COM (see link).

 


Bonsai Videos  Bonsai_Branch Pruning Procedure Bonsai More
Thanks to - cutebonsai.com for use of the image

Bud Graft

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Bud Graft Procedure  Update this bonsai term Bud Graft Procedure

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Bud GRAFT - Also known as SHIELD GRAFT.

In this process the BARK of the tree where the graft is to be applied should be first well-soaked with water and a "T" cut should be made through to the CAMBIUM in the location where the new branch is required.

With shield/BUD GRAFTING, instead of a SCION, just a small piece of bark with a well-formed heel is cut from the scion and inserted inside the "T" of the stock. This heel is the DORMANT bud lying at the join between the trunk and the leaf AXIL. The wound is bound with RAFFIA and coated with wax.


Bonsai Videos


Bonsai Terms Letter

Cleft grafting

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Cleft grafting Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Cleft grafting Procedure

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Cleft GRAFTing - This involves inserting a small (3-5 cms) split in the end of a branch and the insertion of a scion from elsewhere on the same plant (or from another tree of the same SPECIES). The base of the scion should be "double chamfered" before insertion and then the join should be bound with RAFFIA and smeared with grafting wax.

Clip and grow

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Clip and grow Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Clip and grow Procedure

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bonsai dictionary
CLIP AND GROW - Also termed the LING NAM method "clip and grow"  is the term used to describe the BONSAI>BONSAI styling proces where the approach is to allow growth to occur before PRUNING back to a bud facing the direction in which you wish it to grow.



Crown graft

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Crown graft Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Crown graft Procedure

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CROWN GRAFT - A Crown or rind graft enables the formation of multiple trunks, or the restructuring of elderly trees with a sound root system.

Also an inferior or damaged crown can be repaired by removing the crown of the tree from the stock and inserting new branches. The approach is generally appropriate if a trunk is more than 3cm thick.

The process involves the "squaring off" of the main trunk and the creation of several vertical slits in the BARK. The sections of bark between the slits is then prized away from the CAMBIUM. The scion is then inserted between the bark and the cambium with its single chamfered surface facing the cambium. The graft is then bound with RAFFIA and wax applied.



Cutting

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Cutting Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Cutting Procedure
bonsai_cutting.jpg image CUTTING - A piece of a plant which has been removed from the donor plant and rooted in GROWING MEDIUM to produce a new plant.


Thanks to - Wikipedia for use of the image


Bonsai Terms Letter

Defoliation

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Defoliation Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Defoliation Procedure

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bonsai dictionary
DEFOLIATION - This is the process used to improve the density of growth and assist in the size reduction of LEAVES on a DECIDUOUS TREE.

The defoliation process involves the partial or total removal of the established leaves normally in late spring or early summer in order to allow time for the new leaves to develop before autumn.

Complete defoliation should only be carried out every other year at the most, in order not to stress the tree too much.

The leaves should be removed by CUTTING with TRIMMING SHEARS at their base, leaving just the PETIOLE (the stalk on which they grow) so that any goodness within the petiole can drain back and feed the DORMANT buds at their base.



Division

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Division Procedure  Update this bonsai term Division Procedure

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DIVISION - A method or propogating shrubs by carefully dividing the root ball and replanting the seperated sections.




Bonsai Terms Letter

Earth Layering

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Earth Layering Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Earth Layering Procedure
bonsai_ground_layering_01.png image Earth LAYERING - This propogation technique involves removing a small section of BARK from a low growing branch and anchoring it to the ground so that ROOTS will sprout from the exposed area.

When this happens the branch can be cut away from the main tree and allowed to grow as an independent plant.

This is the propogation "method of choice" for sprawling plants like low rhododendron and creeping juniper.


Thanks to - Wikipedia for use of the image

Eda nuki

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Eda nuki Procedure  Update this bonsai term Eda nuki Procedure

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EDANUKI>EDA NUKI - Japanese term for the process of removing unwanted branches.



Eda zashi

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Eda zashi Procedure  Update this bonsai term Eda zashi Procedure

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