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A to Z of Bonsai
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A to Z of Bonsai Terms

Welcome to the A to Z of Bonsai.

We are compiling a worldwide A to Z of Bonsai database. The A to Z is written collaboratively by the people who use it and we would like to encourage anyone reading this page to contribute to what has become the worlds greatest encyclopedia of bonsai terms. Entries when they are made will be added to an editable list which will be checked prior to publication. Photos and images of the bonsai term can be added and links made to relevant web pages. So if you would like to help then just click the "Add Your Own Term" button.



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Letter - 37 entries

Katamaru

 - (Other)  
Entry for Bonsai Katamaru Other  Update this bonsai term Katamaru Other

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bonsai dictionary
ATAMARU>KATAMARU - Japanese term for the process of lignification i,e, where a shoot hardens and becomes woody.



Lanarkshire Bonsai Group

 - (Club or Group)  
Entry for Bonsai Lanarkshire Bonsai Group Club or Group  Update this bonsai term Lanarkshire Bonsai Group Club or Group
Bonsai_Lanarkshire.gif image BONSAI>BONSAIGROUP>LANARKSHIRE BONSAI GROUP - Club: Lanarkshire.

Address : WATTSTON BONSAI,
North Lanarkshire.

Convenor - Gordon Tel No - 01236 769910. Email - lochbuie@blueyonder.

Meetings - First Sunday of every month from midday . Wattston Open day Saturday prior to club day.



Lanceolate (leaf)

 - (Tree Parts)  
Entry for Bonsai Lanceolate (leaf) Tree Parts   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Lanceolate (leaf) Tree Parts
Bonsai-Leaf-Shape.gif image LANCEOLATE (LEAF) - Slim SHAPEd and pointed at both ends.


Thanks to - Wikipedia for use of the image

Landscape - Miniature

 - (Tree Style)  
Entry for Bonsai Landscape - Miniature Tree Style  Update this bonsai term Landscape - Miniature Tree Style
bonsai_landscape_01.jpg image LANDSCAPE - MINIATURE - Japanese term : SAIKEI . AS its name suggests this is a grouping of plants and rocks to form a landscaped scene.

Larch (Larix)

 - (Tree Type (Outdoors))  
Entry for Bonsai Larch (Larix) Tree Type (Outdoors)   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Larch (Larix) Tree Type (Outdoors)
bonsai_larch_group_02.jpg image LARCH (LARIX) - There are two main varieties : EUROPEAN LARCH (LARIX DECIDUA) and JAPANESE LARCH (LARIX KAEMPFERI). Slender, upright trees with bright green, NEEDLE-like LEAVES, which turn golden in autumn before shedding in winter.

The European larch is distinguishable by its pale, straw-like coloured twigs from the Japanese larch's red/orange new twigs which darken to almost purple in winter.

A CROSS between the Japanese Larch and European Larch was found growing naturally in Dunkeld Scotland at the turn of the 20th century. Known as LARIX EUROLEPIS the HYBRID grows faster than either parent and can be found at higher elevations on poorer soil.

STYLE : All styles except broom

WARNING : Needs cool, dry air for compact needles.


Bonsai Videos  Bonsai_Larch (Larix) Tree Type (Outdoors) Bonsai More
Thanks to - Green Dragon Bonsai for use of the image

Larix Decidua

 - (Tree Type (Outdoors))  
Entry for Bonsai Larix Decidua Tree Type (Outdoors)   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Larix Decidua Tree Type (Outdoors)

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LARIX DECIDUA - There are two main varieties : EUROPEAN LARCH (Larix decidua) and JAPANESE LARCH (LARIX KAEMPFERI). Slender, upright trees with bright green, NEEDLE-like LEAVES, which turn golden in autumn before shedding in winter.

The European larch is distinguishable by its pale, straw-like coloured twigs from the Japanese larch's red/orange new twigs which darken to almost purple in winter.

See LARCH (LARIX) for more  details.


Bonsai Videos

Larix Eurolepis

 - (Tree Type (Outdoors))  
Entry for Bonsai Larix Eurolepis  Tree Type (Outdoors)   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Larix Eurolepis  Tree Type (Outdoors)

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LARIX EUROLEPIS - There are two main varieties : EUROPEAN LARCH (LARIX DECIDUA) and JAPANESE LARCH (LARIX KAEMPFERI). Slender, upright trees with bright green, NEEDLE-like LEAVES, which turn golden in autumn before shedding in winter.

CROSS between the Japanese Larch and European Larch was found growing naturally in Dunkeld Scotland at the turn of the 20th century. Known as Larix Eurolepis the HYBRID grows faster than either parent and can be found at higher elevations on poorer soil.

See LARCH (LARIX) for more details.


Bonsai Videos

Larix kaempferi

 - (Tree Type (Outdoors))  
Entry for Bonsai Larix kaempferi Tree Type (Outdoors)   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Larix kaempferi Tree Type (Outdoors)

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bonsai dictionary
LARIX KAEMPFERI - There are two main varieties of Larch  : EUROPEAN LARCH (LARIX DECIDUA) and JAPANESE LARCH (Larix kaempferi). Slender, upright trees with bright green, NEEDLE-like LEAVES, which turn golden in autumn before shedding in winter.

The European larch is distinguishable by its pale, straw-like coloured twigs from the Japanese larch's red/orange new twigs which darken to almost purple in winter.

See LARCH (LARIX) for more details


Bonsai Videos

Lateral branch

 - (Tree Parts)  
Entry for Bonsai Lateral branch Tree Parts  Update this bonsai term Lateral branch Tree Parts

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bonsai dictionary
LATERAL BRANCH - A side branch which arises from the main trunk.

Lateral Dominance

 - (Tree Parts)  
Entry for Bonsai Lateral Dominance Tree Parts  Update this bonsai term Lateral Dominance Tree Parts
Bonsai_lateral_dominance_2.jpg image LATERAL DOMINANCE - Most trees generally  have a natural tendency to direct growth to the top branches (the APEX) which is called 'APICAL DOMINANCE'.  However the tendency in some trees is for growth to be directed laterally i.e. the growth tendency is outwards rather than upwards.  This is termed lateral dominance and tends to be exhibited by the "shrubbier" varieties , such as rhododenron (see AZAlea (Rhododendron)).

The aim in BONSAI>BONSAI  is to decrease either of these dominant tendencies so that the subject looks more like a mature tree rather than a bush or a sapling.



Lateral graft

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Lateral graft Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Lateral graft Procedure

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GRAFT>LATERAL GRAFT - This grafting technique is most commonly applied to EVERGREEN trees in the summer period.

A notch about 5 cms in length is made in the lower part of the trunk. The chamfered edge of a scion from the donor plant is then inserted. The graft is then bound with RAFFIA and covered with grafting compound.

Where the technique is used to capitalise on a strong ROOTStock the original trunk may be severed just above the graft when it has taken the following spring.



Laurifolius

 - (Tree Parts)  
Entry for Bonsai Laurifolius Tree Parts  Update this bonsai term Laurifolius Tree Parts

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bonsai dictionary
LAURIFOLIUS - Laurel-like LEAVES.

Lava

 - (Growing Medium)  
Entry for Bonsai Lava Growing Medium   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Lava Growing Medium
lapillo-volcanic-bonsai-soil.jpg image LAVA - Lava is solidified molten igneous rock from volcanic eruptions. It is granular in form - either red or black -  with high water absorbency characteristics.  It lasts indefinitely and can be reused.

Also called Lapillo in its natural form.

Manufactured industrially and referred to as "leca" or "leca pearls" and in Holland as "agrex".


Thanks to - Kaizen Bonsai for use of the image

Layering

 - (Procedure)  
Entry for Bonsai Layering Procedure   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Layering Procedure

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LAYERING - Technique for gaining a new BONSAI>BONSAI from a larger, more mature specimen.

Techniques include GROUND LAYERING and air layering , both described seperately in this A to Z.



Leaf beetle

 - (Pests and Diseases)  
Entry for Bonsai Leaf beetle Pests and Diseases  Update this bonsai term Leaf beetle Pests and Diseases

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bonsai dictionary
LEAF BEETLE - Various SPECIES of leaf beetle can attack trees between end May and August. They are about 5mm long: green, blue or brown in colour with the peculiar habit of "skeletonising" LEAVES rather than eating holes out of them. Willow, poplar and elm are usual hosts.

Impact is rarely severe.



Leaf cutter bee

 - (Pests and Diseases)  
Entry for Bonsai Leaf cutter bee Pests and Diseases   WWW Link  Update this bonsai term Leaf cutter bee Pests and Diseases
bonsai_leaf_cutter_bee_01.jpg image